In March the Irish BEV market grew 3-fold with 313 registrations, just below 2% market share. The Nissan Leaf gets its crown back for this month (and also year to date) with the short supplied Hyundai Kona Electric seeing registrations falling below 100 units. The 4 usual suspects (E-Golf, Zoé, Ioniq and i3) firghting for the 3rd place are far behind.
2 new models just entered the market : Audi E-Tron and Kia E-Niro with their first dealer registrations. The Audi E-Tron immediately outsold the Tesla Model X and the Jaguar I-Pace isn’t far ahead.
See the table below for detailed figures
Easygo has just commissionned its first fast charger, located at the Four Season Hotel in Monaghan town.
This is a the first competitor for ESB Ecars charging network, due to implement pricing for their fast charger sometimes this summer. A 3rd player, Ionity, is due to break ground soon at its first Irish location in Cashel, Co. Tipperary. The 4th network being Tesla’s, with 4 supercharger locations on the M1, M7, M8 and soon a 5th one on the M4… of course these are only accessible for Tesla cars.
This DC charger is a Veefil, from the Australian make Tritium, offering a classic 50kw of power, with 2 connectors : Chademo and CCS. Sorry Zoé drivers, no juice for you there !
From this Friday (15th March), billing will be implemented on this first fast charge point. It will cost you €0.35 per minute on top of a €0.24 connection fee for bill pay customers, or a €1.25 connection fee for pay as you go customer. Price per minute means winter charges will be more expensive than summer ones, depending on your car. On the other hand, this pricing structure will ensure that chargers will only be used to fast charge, and unlikely feature abandoned EVs trickle charging.
How much are you going to pay ? Here is a table with various charging scenarios. These are examples only, figures depend on your car, battery temperature, initial state of charge and how economical you drive. It can greatly vary so take this with a pinch of salt and most importantly be aware of the optimal charging speed of your vehicle.
Used imports are heading into a different direction, depending on the type of EVs…
BEVs imports are actually decreasing compared to last year! A reason for that could be the resale value in the UK that remains much higher than in the past, making importing BEVs not as interesting as it used to be.
However the Irish market is still in lack on PHEVs, that sold in much higher volumes in the UK as new, justifying the important growth compared to 2018. See the tables below for the detail per model.
As with the rest of the world, the Telsa range is being simplified in Ireland, with important the price drops, alongside a simplified option list.
It now starts at €85,166 (vs €98,770 before for the 75D) in “Standard Range” with an increase of range (520 vs 490km NEDC). So we can assume that the pack is at around 80kWh of capacity useable.
The 100D is replaced by the “Long Range”, same range as before but a price drop of €35,000 to just €90,980 ! The difference of price with the Standard range is rather small now and makes the Long Range an affordable option. Finally the “Ludicrous Performance” (formerly P100D) is now at €105,282 (vs € 168,828 before).
The Model X 75D is now gone from the price-list. The X starts directly with the Long Range version (formerly 100D), at €96,096, which is still €25,000 less than the outgoing 75D! Finally the Ludicrous Performance is at €110,398, which is actually cheaper than the most expensive Jaguar I-pace. The Model X is now directly priced against not only the Jaguar but also the Audi E-tron.
Prices for Ireland haven’t been released just yet. Based on the Model S/X prices and what we know of the Model 3 in other markets, we can expect a start price under €40.000 (after incentives) for the famous “$35,000” Standard Range model sold in the USA.
More information on Tesla Ireland website
February was another strong month for PHEVs sales in Ireland, with 171 registration and a market share above 1%. The Kia Niro and Mitsubishi Outlander and still strong, and note in 4th place the Range Rover Sport, now above the Volvo XC90 on the large SUV market.
Note that the BMW 330e and i3 Rex sales are now at zero. These models being discontinued, we can assume all stock has been registered. There might be a few left for sale if you really want one 🙂
New car sales are still down in Ireland in February (-12.77%) but BEVs registrations are still very dynamic at +358% and 330 units. BEVs market share is at 2.18%.
The Hyundai Kona is still leading, but how long for ? The Nissan Leaf is just behind. These are representing 2 thirds of the market, and the rest of models are quite far behind. The i3 and e-Golf have been performing relatively well last month, whereas the Zoé is disappointing despite its large battery and being the cheapest EV on the market.
A delegation of the IEVOA committee met with ESB Ecars in December 2018. Please find the report of this meeting below:
A total of 260 plug-ins (49 BEVs and 211 PHEVs) were imported into Ireland in January, up from 120 last year.
BEVs import are stable whilst PHEVs are more and more popular with a record number of registrations this month.
The Nissan Leaf and Mitsubishi Outlander are respectively leading these 2 segments. Find below the usual tables, model per model.
As with Full EVs, Plug-in Hybrids (PHEVs) sales are seriously growing in 2019 so far, with 301 registrations in January (109 for January 2018) and a market share of 0.93%.
The affordable Kia Niro PHEV is logically leading the segment this month, followed by the BMW 530e and Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV. Note the arrival of the Land Rover brand in the PHEV market with the Range Rover and the Range Rover Sport.
Most models sales are growing but note that the decrease in sales of the BMW 330e and i3 Rex is due to the fact that these are no longer produced (registrations are stock vehicles). The new 330e will be launched this summer.
The VW/Audi models are no longer on sale since the WLTP/Euro6c switch last year but the facelifted Passat should be launched at the end of 2019 and a GTE version will make a come back, with a bigger battery.
BEVs sales are frankly growing for the month of January 2019 for the 191 plate change, with very impressive results from many models. 811 new BEVs were registered in January. The important part is that because sales of cars are going down (-12.5%) the market share of BEVs is at 2.51% of total registrations (vs just 0.98% for the whole 2018 year).
The Hyundai Kona and its large 64kWh battery pack is the best seller this month with an impressive 311 units. We know that unfortunately the supply of Kona will be limited (around 800 for the year) but it takes a lot to beat the Nissan Leaf, still impressive with 296 sales (+448%). Note that the Nissan Leaf was not fully launch in January 2018 (which was a bad month for BEV sales) so we should put the total growth in perspective. Next comes the Renault Zoé, with 77 sales (+413%), also is massive growth. 93 Zoé were sold for the whole year 2018 and around 150 for the 2014-2018 period. The Hyundai Ioniq (41 sales), BMW i3 (37 sales) and Volkswagen Golf (31 sales) are also growing substantially.
The new BMW 7-series has just be presented to the public during the Detroit Motor show and is going to be launched in April in Ireland. It is a very extensive and quite bold facelift, including interesting powertrains developments.
The PHEV version is offered in 2 variants, a short wheelbase rear wheel drive, the 745e and the long wheelbase all wheel drive 745Le xDrive. Importantly these are getting a straight six in replacement of the four cylinder of the previous 740e. This means obviously better performance, with an impressive gain of 72hp to a total of 394hp (that’s 286hp for the petrol engine and 113hp for the electric motor). It will go from 0 to 100kph in 5.2 (745e) and 5.1 seconds (745Le xDrive).
The range is as for many other PHEVs somewhat limited, 50 to 58 km witch translates usually into 30 to 40 km of real life driving, depending on the season. It is an improvement over the original 740e thanks to a new 12kWh pack (precedently 9,2kWh).
Price wise, these PHEV variants are never cheap compared to your mid-size hatchback, but in comparison with the petrol and diesel variants of the 7-series, quite attractive !
The 745e is €7,400 cheaper than the 740i, despite 54 extra horsepower.
The 745Le xDrive is €8,820 cheaper than the 740Ld sDrive, also behind in terms of power (-74hp) and performance.
BMW 745e : €100,510
BMW 745Le xDrive €109,410
Lease Plan’s EV readiness report is a yearly analysis made to see where 22 main European markets are at, with regards to EV adoption, gauging purchase incentives, vehicle sales, charging infrastructure, tax benefits, etc. All countries are showing progress, Ireland is in the middle of the pack, in 11th position.
A deep dive into the report shows that Ireland is scoring well in terms of government incentives, unfortunately not followed by equally strong vehicle sales (are we a conservative country?). Unsurprisingly our charging network is not a strong asset either.
Source: Lease Plan
Download the full pdf report here.
There is a category of EVs that we usually don’t still see covered because volumes are small, and these aren’t really anyone’s dream cars but deserves attention by the community : light commercial vehicles (LCVs). The market is very small (0.33% of the total market, that is at 99% diesel) and the number of available models, even smaller.
The Kangoo ZE was a top player in this category last year, not only in Ireland but in Europe. From 0 (!) sales last year, it is now leading the segment with 41 registrations for 2018. Note that it means that 5% of Kangoos are Electric, the rest being diesel (on a total of 799 Kangoo sold last year).
It became somewhat more popular since the 33kWh battery (264km NEDC, 200km real life) replaced the 24kWh one (that it is no longer leased). The higher price (compared to a diesel variant) and lack of fast charging capability isn’t stopping fleet managers (last kilometre deliveries, postal services) who make rational choices and show that EVs do make a lot of sense in such application, even without fast charging.
The Citroën Berlingo Electric has been recently imported, and balances its small battery (24kWh) and even smaller range (170km NEDC) by a fast charging option (50kW Chademo socket). Note that the new Berlingo doesn’t exist just yet with an electric powertrain, and that the outgoing one is therefore still produced, exclusively in Electric form (including a 5-seat MPV form in some markets).
Finally The Nisan ENV-200 is the 3rd contender. Moving from a 24kWh to 40kWh battery pack led to a large number of orders at the European level but also supply issues, that could explain the lower local sales. Active battery (air) cooling and 50kW Chademo socket are standard.
You will find below the historical sales of Electric LCVs. Only these 3 Electric vans have been sold so far in Ireland, in relatively low volumes, but as for the other EV categories, 2018 is the best year ever.
Used imports registrations have been growing more than new cars ones at a general level, thanks to a currently cheap sterling, with over 100.000 cars registered (+7,8%). However only 693 of these were electric (BEVs). It is an increase of 42.6% over 2017 but still very low, considering that BEVs benefit from a €5000 VRT rebate on used vehicles too, making the import of second hand UK EVs even more interesting than ICE ones !
PHEVs imports on the other hand have been extremely healthy going from 224 (in 2017) to 1279 cars registered ! The Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV, extremely successful when new in the UK, can be found very easily on the second hand market and its very reasonable price helps it being very competitive in Ireland where it has never sold too well till now but where there is a demand on affordable PHEV SUVs.
For 2019, we have brexit, that will affect somehow the cost of imports, but still too many questions marks to predict what is actually going to happen.
These are the top 10 best selling new PHEVs for 2018. Find at the bottom the comprehensive sales table, per month. You can also find here the 2018 best selling BEVs list.
These are the top 10 of best selling new BEVs for the 2018 year. Well, top 10 is a bit pushing it as there were exactly 10 different pure electric cars sold last year. More than 2017’s 9 models anyway and probably less than in 2019! Find the 2018 top 10 PHEVs list here
Find at the bottom the comprehensive 2018 sales tables
A total of 1233 new BEVs that were registered in 2018, doubling last year’s results, see below the details :
The Nissan Leaf is infamous for its lack of battery cooling. It wasn’t really an issue on the Leaf 24, and then with the Leaf 30, you could hit the red-zone of the temperature gauge after 3 or 4 fast charges during the day. So when the Leaf 40 came out, it was with a great disappointment for the Leaf community to see that battery cooling wasn’t installed and that after just one fast charge, it could get so hot that the BMS (Battery Management System) would limit the charging speed to protect the battery. Rapidgate was born.
Why is it getting worse with the newer models?
As its name states, the Nissan Leaf 40 has a bigger capacity than the 24 and 30 but the physical size of the pack is exactly the same as the one of the previous models. When you put more energy/heat in the similar volume, heat is more concentrated and temperature rises.
Why do batteries get warm ?
Charging and discharging a battery creates heat. You can see it on your mobile phone if you play a game or use an app that needs a lot of resource/power. the battery will get warmer as it discharges. The opposite is also true, we’ve all noticed our smartphones getting warm after a long fast charge. The exact same applies to car batteries. When you plug at home and draw 3 or 7kw of power, your battery will not suffer from excessive heat and it will stay at a reasonable temperature level. On the other hand, when fast charging at 40 or 50kw, the battery will get very hot, very quickly. Batteries are usually happy around 25-30°c, this is why most manufacturers offer battery cooling/warming. This is best for a better battery life. In parts of the world where climate is hot, such as south California or Arizona, Leaf owners have seen their batteries degrading very quickly. Thankfully, we have an extremely mild climate in Ireland, never hot, never cold, which minimizes the issue, and making our country probably the most EV suitable in the world 🙂
So what can I do to to keep my Leaf 30 / Leaf 40 battery as cool as possible ?
If you know you are driving a long distance in a day (say 400km or more) there are some simple steps you can follow to limit that heat gain:
- Fully charge your car the day before. It sounds obvious, but charging the car the day before, allowing the batteries to cool down after the charge, will allow you to start your journey with a battery as cold as possible. The battery being full, you’ll make your first fast charge late in your journey.
- Drive at reasonable speeds. The faster you drive, the worse economy you will get. A car doing 16kWh / 100km at 100kph will draw 16kWh in one hour. A car doing 12kWh / 100km at 80kph will draw 12 kWh in 1 hour 12 min so less than 10 kWh in one hour ! More time between charges mean your car will be able to naturally cool down a little. A better efficiency will allow you to get more kilometers from your charge and, spend less time recharging ie put less heat in your battery.
- Accelerate gently, use the Eco mode to help you doing so.
- Avoid regeneration. Every time you slow down, you are recharging the battery and adding a bit of heat back into the battery. It is better to avoid it as much as possible. If you’re cruising at 90 kph on the motorway and that it is going downhill, just coast and let the car pick up some speed, rather than regenerating. On a Leaf, you will need to press slightly on the accelerator to do so.
- Do not use cruise control. It doesn’t anticipate slopes as well as a human can and will therefore over-accelerate and over-regenerate.
- Minimise the use the e-pedal (ideally deactivate it): it is a very good system especially around town but has a very strong regeneration that of course will produce heat.
Finally keep in mind that driving slower will not necessarily mean arrive later at your final destination. If you drive faster between 2 charges and save 20 minutes by driving 110 kph instead of 90 kph between 2 charges, you could loose much more than these 20mn spared by spending more time at the FCP. A Leaf with a cool battery should take around 45mn to charge 80% at 50kw but this can easily double if the battery is hot and charging speed slows down to 22kw as seen after 1 or 2 fast charges. Drive wisely !
Edit (28th January 2019) : Recently, Nissan has updated the software dictating the speed at which the car must charge (based on the battery temperature). It seems that this fix is only for Europe and will be also carried out on existing Leaf. Tests have been done and it seems that the car charges faster at any temperature, which is a help on longer distances. However it means that the battery will get more heat thus challenge its life expectancy.
This is a summary of a survey conducted amongst registered members of the Irish EV Owners Association about the planned introduction of fees at the ESB Ecars Fast Chargers in 2019. The survey applies to the Fast Chargers only and does not include any questions about the standard AC chargers.
This summary report contains the results of all the questions with the exception of the open response question 10. This is for IEVOA committee use only.
78% of the respondents indicated they had access to a home charger.
About 45% of the respondents use an Ecars Fast Charger every week. Most respondents (123) only use one a few times a month but that’s closely followed by a few times a week (117).
Most respondents are in favour of the introduction of fees on a per kWH basis (56%), though over 20% of the respondents would like to keep the chargers free to use.
Most members are in favour of per kWh pricing, (331) would like to keep the cost per kWh at the average Irish home rate (49.9% of those in favour of per kWh billing) with €0.20/kWh and €0.30/kWh the next highest percentages.
Of those in favour of per minute pricing (139), most would like to keep the price at less than €0.20/minute.
Only 21.5% of the respondents are in favour of a flat session fee, around half of those (48.5%) would like the session fee to be less than €3 per session.
An overwhelming majority of respondents (90%) would like to see an overstay fee applied but the response to when this would be applied is very mixed. 1/3 appear to want a per minute fee from the start.
36% of those in favour of a overstay fee would like the price to be more than €0.50/minute.
84% do not want a connection fee to be applied.
In summary, based on the results of this survey, if fees are to be introduced for the use of ESB Ecars Fast Chargers in Ireland the majority of users would like to see per kWh billing at an average home energy rate, without a connection fee, but with some kind of overstay fee.
The summary results of individual questions can be seen on this document.
Thank you to all who took the time to answer this survey.
The Irish EV Owners Association Committee
Whist Volkswagen has become the specialist of future EV models announcements, very little has happened in their current EV range that is unfortunately more focused on multiplying ICE SUVs.
The PHEVs VW are gone (Passat saloon and Estate GTE, Golf GTE) and the e-Up! (BEV) never made it here. But the e-Golf is still here, awaiting for the anticipated I.D. (orders are supposed to be open in 2019). VW has been selling the e-Golf since 2014, in very low numbers first, but with more interest from customers since 2018 and the battery upgrade (35.8 kWh), and now a new variant is in for 2019. It is called Executive Edition and sits on the top of the 2-model range. For €3.500 over the base model, it comes with a good list of extra equipments such as leather seats, upgraded alloys (17” instead of 16”), the very nice 12″ screen replacing the traditional analogue dials behind the steering wheel. It also features Key-less access, rear privacy windows, and a few more minor elements.
This Executive Edition is giving a better value for money than the base model, without becoming the deal of the century. You may note that the heat pump is still optional (€1,067)… but fake exhaust tailpipe comes as standard on all e-Golf 🙂 There is a technology package available for just €499, including Parking sensors, automatic high beams, a “lights and vision” pack or folding exterior mirrors. That is a package you shouldn’t skip.
It is important to know that the bigger wheels will affect the drag and therefore the range but Volkswagen has rightfully decided to offer a free 16” wheels “downgrade” so that luxury can also rhyme with economy.
The e-Golf has never been a cheap BEV, but keep in mind that the smaller but more premium BMW i3 starts at a similar price (€35,760 with a 42 kWh battery and 310km WLTP range), and in the non premium world you have a better equipped Hyundai Kona Electric (€35,995) that offers a range of no less than 482km WLTP.
e-Golf : €35,995
e-Golf Executive Edition : €39.495
Range for the e-Golf and e-Golf Executive Edition with 16” wheels : 230km (WLTP)
Range for the e-Golf Executive Edition with 17” wheels : 217km (WLTP)
Find all the info you need on the Volswagen Ireland website
Photo credit : Volkswagen